THE WISCONSIN CONSTITUTION

Updated through March 1, 2013.

ARTICLE I. DECLARATION OF RIGHTS


ARTICLE I. DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.

Section:

1. Equality; inherent rights.

2. Slavery prohibited.

3. Free speech; libel.

4. Right to assemble and petition.

5. Trial by jury; verdict in civil cases.

6. Excessive bail; cruel punishments.

7. Rights of accused.

8. Prosecutions; double jeopardy; self-incrimination; bail; habeas corpus.

9. Remedy for wrongs.

9m. Victims of crime.

10. Treason.

11. Searches and seizures.

12. Attainder; ex post facto; contracts.

13. Private property for public use.

14. Feudal tenures; leases; alienation.

15. Equal property rights for aliens and citizens.

16. Imprisonment for debt.

17. Exemption of property of debtors.

18. Freedom of worship; liberty of conscience; state religion; public funds.

19. Religious tests prohibited.

20. Military subordinate to civil power.

21. Rights of suitors.

22. Maintenance of free government.

23. Transportation of school children.

24. Use of school buildings.

25. Right to keep and bear arms.

26. Right to fish, hunt, trap, and take game.

ARTICLE II.BOUNDARIES


ARTICLE II. BOUNDARIES.

Section:

1. State boundary.

2. Enabling act accepted.


ARTICLE III. SUFFRAGE


ARTICLE III. SUFFRAGE.

Section:

1. Electors.

2. Implementation.

3. Secret ballot.

4. Repealed.

5. Repealed.

6. Repealed.


ARTICLE IV. LEGISLATIVE


ARTICLE IV. LEGISLATIVE.

Section:

1. Legislative power.

2. Legislature, how constituted.

3. Apportionment.

4. Representatives to the assembly, how chosen.

5. Senators, how chosen.

6. Qualifications of legislators.

7. Organization of legislature; quorum; compulsory attendance.

8. Rules; contempts; expulsion.

9. Officers.

10. Journals; open doors; adjournments.

11. Meeting of legislature.

12. Ineligibility of legislators to office.

13. Ineligibility of federal officers.

14. Filling vacancies.

15. Exemption from arrest and civil process.

16. Privilege in debate.

17. Enactment of laws.

18. Title of private bills.

19. Origin of bills.

20. Yeas and nays.

21. Repealed.

22. Powers of county boards.

23. Town and county government.

23a. Chief executive officer to approve or veto resolutions or ordinances; proceedings on veto.

24. Gambling.

25. Stationery and printing.

26. Extra compensation; salary change.

27. Suits against state.

28. Oath of office.

29. Militia.

30. Elections by legislature.

31. Special and private laws prohibited.

32. General laws on enumerated subjects.

33. Auditing of state accounts.

34. Continuity of civil government.


ARTICLE V. EXECUTIVE


ARTICLE V. EXECUTIVE.

Section:

1. Governor; lieutenant governor; term.

1m. Repealed.

1n. Repealed.

2. Eligibility.

3. Election.

4. Powers and duties.

5. Repealed.

6. Pardoning power.

7. Lieutenant governor, when governor.

8. Secretary of state, when governor.

9. Repealed.

10. Governor to approve or veto bills; proceedings on veto.


ARTICLE VI. ADMINISTRATIVE


ARTICLE VI. ADMINISTRATIVE.

Section:

1. Election of secretary of state, treasurer and attorney general; term.

1m. Repealed.

1n. Repealed.

1p. Repealed.

2. Secretary of state; duties, compensation.

3. Treasurer and attorney general; duties, compensation.

4. County officers; election, terms, removal; vacancies.


ARTICLE VII. JUDICIARY


ARTICLE VII. JUDICIARY.

Section:

1. Impeachment; trial.

2. Court system.

3. Supreme court: jurisdiction.

4. Supreme court: election, chief justice, court system administration.

5. Court of appeals.

6. Circuit court: boundaries.

7. Circuit court: election.

8. Circuit court: jurisdiction.

9. Judicial elections, vacancies.

10. Judges: eligibility to office.

11. Disciplinary proceedings.

12. Clerks of circuit and supreme courts.

13. Justices and judges: removal by address.

14. Municipal court.

15. Repealed.

16. Repealed.

17. Repealed.

18. Repealed.

19. Repealed.

20. Repealed.

21. Repealed.

22. Repealed.

23. Repealed.

24. Justices and judges: eligibility for office; retirement.


ARTICLE VIII. FINANCE


ARTICLE VIII. FINANCE.

Section:

1. Rule of taxation uniform; income, privilege and occupation taxes.

2. Appropriation; limitation.

3. Credit of state.

4. Contracting state debts.

5. Annual tax levy to equal expenses.

6. Public debt for extraordinary expense; taxation.

7. Public debt for public defense; bonding for public purposes.

8. Vote on fiscal bills; quorum.

9. Evidences of public debt.

10. Internal improvements.


ARTICLE IX. EMINENT DOMAIN AND PROPERTY OF THE STATE


ARTICLE IX. EMINENT DOMAIN AND PROPERTY OF THE STATE.

Section:

1. Jurisdiction on rivers and lakes; navigable waters.

2. Territorial property.

3. Ultimate property in lands; escheats.


ARTICLE X. EDUCATION


ARTICLE X. EDUCATION.

Section:

1. Superintendent of public instruction.

2. School fund created; income applied.

3. District schools; tuition; sectarian instruction; released time.

4. Annual school tax

5. Income of school fund.

6. State university; support.

7. Commissioners of public lands.

8. Sale of public lands.


ARTICLE XI. CORPORATIONS



ARTICLE XI. CORPORATIONS.

Section:

1. Corporations; how formed.

2. Property taken by municipality.

3. Municipal home rule; debt limit; tax to pay debt.

3a. Acquisition of lands by state and subdivisions; sale of excess.

4. General banking law.

5. Repealed.


ARTICLE XII. AMENDMENTS


ARTICLE XII. AMENDMENTS.

Section:

1. Constitutional amendments.

2. Constitutional conventions.


ARTICLE XIII. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS


ARTICLE XIII. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

Section:

1. Political year; elections.

2. Repealed.

3. Eligibility to office.

4. Great seal.

5. Repealed.

6. Legislative officers.

7. Division of counties.

8. Removal of county seats.

9. Election or appointment of statutory officers.

10. Vacancies in office.

11. Passes, franks and privileges.

12. Recall of elective officers.

13. Marriage.


ARTICLE XIV. SCHEDULE


ARTICLE XIV. SCHEDULE.

Section:

1. Effect of change from territory to state.

2. Territorial laws continued.

3. Repealed.

4. Repealed.

5. Repealed.

6. Repealed.

7. Repealed.

8. Repealed.

9. Repealed.

10. Repealed.

11. Repealed.

12. Repealed.

13. Common law continued in force.

14. Repealed.

15. Repealed.

16. Implementing revised structure of judicial branch.